InfoBeyond Technology is an innovative company specializing in AI, Computer Vision, Communications, and Cybersecurity within the Information Technology industry.

Contact Info

320 Whittington PKWY, STE 303
Louisville, KY, USA 40222-4917
[email protected]
(502) 919 7050

Learn More

Follow Us

Our Strength

Blockchain and Security

Infobeyond has conducted extensive research on the blockchain data integrity, confidentiality, security, blockchain efficiency, smart contract security, gas sustainability, blockchain auditability, and access control protocols.

Our Solutions (1/4)

Vehicle Blockchain for CAN Bus Security

VehChain: Blockchain Cryptography Decentralized Distributed CAN Bus Security for Intra-Vehicle Control Systems

The U.S. Army GVSC and DoD ground systems continue utilizing Controller Area Network (CAN Bus) communication standards for embedded systems in the Army's manned, unmanned, electric, and autonomous vehicles (EVs, UGVs, UAVs). Due to inherited natures of CAN protocol limitations, these vehicles are vulnerable for cybersecurity attacks while they are connected to external networks. The existing CAN Bus enhanced security solutions require the hardware add-on, CAN Bus protocol modifications, or a centralized security control, which not only cause high cost but also result in backward-incompatibility and a single point of failure.

VehChain is a technology to improve the security of Army ground vehicle systems. As a Blockchain reminiscent solution, VehChain implements reliable CAN Bus message encryption, verification, and error recovery for intra-vehicle communications to provide a means for CAN Bus security. To reduce communication overhead and latency, VehChain is designed based on the nature of CAN Bus, i.e., messages are broadcasted, nodes have no identifiers, and the frame identifier determines the specified node. Distributed message validation at each node secures the CAN bus through MAC, encryption, and key generation reminiscent of Blockchain technology. Each cryptographic key is tied to the CAN frame's identifier, hash (plain-text payload), and hash (previous key). To provide resiliency from corrupting message, a reboot-based recovery approach utilizes CAN's built-in error handling mechanism. Hence, it mitigates the effect of attack propagation bus for ensuring the operational safety, security, and continuity.

VehChain offer several critical design features for Army vehicle security and operations:

  • Distributed and decentralized message confidentiality and validation for intra-vehicle communication networks. Avoid single point of failure.
  • Easily integration into the CAN Bus through the firmware revisions.
  • No additional CAN hardware or data frame alteration is needed. Compatible with legacy vehicle systems (CAN &MilCAN).
  • Proactive threat resilience in CAN Bus through self-reboot recovery mechanism.
  • Lessen the communication overhead and delay.

VehChain can be utilized for a great range of applications and some of them are Army Ground Vehicle System Center—GSVC, Army Combat Capabilities Development Command (CCDC), U.S. Army Engineering and Support Center (USACE), Mission Enabler Technologies Demonstrator (MET-D) Vehicles, Robotic Combat Vehicles (RCV), Manned Lead Vehicles, Unmanned Vehicles, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Unmanned Ground Vehicles, Air force & Navy and other DoD vehicles, and Commercial Vehicles and systems using CAN.

Learn More

Our Solutions (2/4)

Grid Blockchain for Smart Grid Data Security

An Auditable Blockchain for Smart Grid Data Integrity and Immutability

To maintain reliable grid operations, grid data integrity and immutability is of paramount importance to several government and private agencies. However, it is very challenging to achieve these goals due to the security issues that can result from various cyber-attacks. These attacks can cause data manipulation and aim at hampering the normal operations of the power grid. Although, several solutions have been proposed to detect and prevent cyber-attacks in power grids, however, the following issues still remain unaddressed:

  • Efficient and scalable blockchain design.
  • Smart contract security.
  • Data feeding integrity and immutability.
  • Action and decision auditability.

InfoBeyond advocates an auditable Blockchain (Gridchain) for Smart Grid data integrity and immutability to address the above-mentioned challenges. First, Gridchain supports reliable and immutable data feeding authentication from data endpoints to smart contracts. It also provides a means to securely feed external data (e.g., fee) into blockchain while authenticating the transaction. Next, Gridchain employs a two-layer Ethereum structure (e.g., Macro and Micro blocks) to achieve high throughput transactions in support of a large scale grid network. Finally, it also consists of an auditor that is an online auditing module to add additional security on top of the in-built blockchain design. It analyzes the contracts to detect blockchain misbehaviors from attackers.

Our Solutions (3/4)

Custody Blockchain for Cross-domain Data Sharing

Target Custody Cross-domain Blockchain-based Data Sharing Framework

Current technological hurdles and strict security requirements have made cross-domain targeting a slow, ineffective, and burdensome process. Subsequently, targeteers feel impeded by and are discouraged from participating in joint force targeting operations. Unfortunately, this lack of communication across domains results in delayed or incomplete targeting information that can create difficulties for airmen making important national security decisions, e.g., the Master Air Attack Plan (MAAP) team, and Air Tasking Order (ATO) production team.

Our TCchain (Target Custody Cross-domain Blockchain-based Data Sharing Framework) is developed is a multidomain blockchain-based targeting data provenance network technology for joint target custody and enhancement of MAAP/ATO development. It utilizes a combination of domain-spanning blockchain-based identification, role/attribute-based access control enforcement, and targeting data provenance to coordinate and control policy-compliant targeting information exchange. Furthermore, it enables issuing, presenting, and verifying signed cross-domain credentials for authenticating joint force participants and encrypting target entity attributes. Finally, decentralized fog-computing database replication enables speedy execution of crossdomain targeting data provenance auditing, responding to queries in milliseconds.

TCchain is less complex, more effective, and less expensive than traditional, special-purpose cross-domain guards when mitigating the high stakes security risks of cross-domain targeting information transfer.

A Secure and Reliable FMCSA SAFEty Data Information Exchange and Sharing Platform Using Blockchain

Government agencies such as Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) and other public/private organizations rely on secure data sharing platforms to prevent critical information from falling into the hands of malicious attackers. This information can be a motor carrier's safety performance, Social Security Numbers, medical reports of drivers, etc.

The attackers can utilize this critical information to disrupt the secure and smooth operations of various critical FMCSA processes. However, the current data storage and exchange platforms are unable to securely meet the security requirements for both data-at-rest and data-in-transit. InfoBeyond advocates FMCSA-SAFE for secure, scalable, and efficient safety data exchange using blockchain. FMCSA-SAFE is a blockchain design to record the data information exchanged among various entities with integrity and immutability. For blockchain efficiency, clouds are utilized to store large volumes of data and the block only saves the data hash values. It employs a Proof-of-Vote consensus mechanism for transaction efficiency and scalability. Further, it implements Attribute/Role-based Access Control mechanism to ensure only the authorized parties can access the data resources when needed via the cloud. FMCSA-SAFE achieves data confidentiality, integrity, privacy, access control, and security through the following:

  • End-to-end data security between FMCSA or other systems and the blockchain.
  • Data feeding security in/out of the blockchain.
  • Data integrity and immutability within the blockchain ecosystem.

Our Solutions (4/4)

Diagnosis BlockChain for Prognostics and Logistics

L2GXchain: Logistics Cross-domain Learning-based Machinery Prognostics and Blockchain-enabled Data Exchanging

Logistics for Navy forces includes the flow of not only goods (e.g., munitions) and services (e.g., people) but also digital logistical information. This information flow spans through both inbound and outbound, and internal and external aspects of all naval assets. For example, the digital information flow could carry out the fleet expeditionary maintenance and repairing data collected and processed at the remote systems and feed them into a logistic center through a satellite link, e.g., NSLC (Naval Sea Logistics Center). The logistic center could analyze the fleet information and could take necessary actions in response to any maintenance requirements. In modern logistics, these information flows, management, data analytics and security are especially referred to as digital logistics and they are critical to all logistics for naval forces.

Recently, the logistic systems have been shown to be surprisingly fragile, highly vulnerable, and largely susceptible to problems exposed by COVID-19 pandemic or external events. To remediate these issues, digital logistic support systems must be designed to be more agile, reliable, and robust. To address this issue, L2GXchain (Logistics Cross-domain Learning-based Machinery Prognostics and Blockchain-enabled Data Exchanging) is developed in resort to state-of-the-art Blockchain, Machine Learning (ML), and CBM (Condition-based maintenance) technology. Specifically, L2GXchain is an agile, resilient, secure, and blockchain-powered logistical data analysis and exchanging framework that connects a set of local logistical domains. It provides decentralized cross-domain dynamic data sharing, dynamic data routing, and ML-based machinery prognostics to improve the resiliency of remote logistic information systems. Further, CBM paradigm is implemented to cost-effectively determine what maintenance needs to be done in the remoting system. L2GXchain allows the participation of all logistical domains (e.g., classified, unclassified, etc.) and provides a trusted common operational picture (COP) of logistic data sharing status and remote system Situational Awareness (SA).

Benefited from Blockchain design, L2GXchain allows multiple entities to collaboratively conduct resilient and agile logistic functions over different automated logistic information systems, operate on different networks, with different clearance levels and security policies to share, route, and act on logistic information.